A zone of the upper mantle in which earthquakes occur when a lithospheric plate is subducted, named in honor of seismologists Kiyoo Wadati and Hugo Benioff. The dip of the Wadati-Benioff zone coincides with the dip of the subducting plate. The Wadati-Benioff zone extends to a depth of about 700 km [435 miles] from the Earth's surface.

Related Terms:

active margin
plate tectonics